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Measuring the ROI of Your SEO Campaigns: Decoding the Metrics for Success

Clearly showing the ROI of your SEO campaign will allow you to make data-driven marketing decisions and make a case for increasing your SEO budget. Here’s how to calculate ROI for your SEO.

May 5, 2023

8 m read

Determining the effectiveness of SEO campaigns can feel like trying to solve a Rubik’s Cube. There are so many moving pieces, but once you understand the basics of how it works, you can successfully align the colors. If you’ve struggled to compile effective data showcasing the value of your SEO strategy, don’t worry. In this article, I’ll share how to calculate your SEO campaign’s return on investment (ROI) so you can easily uncover and share this critical metric.

Why Focus on the ROI of SEO?

ROI is all about revenue, and understanding how much revenue your SEO efforts are responsible for can help you:

  1. Evaluate campaign effectiveness: By analyzing the returns, you can identify which tactics are working well and which ones need to be adjusted or replaced to improve overall performance.
  2. Justify marketing spend: Demonstrating a positive ROI helps justify the budget allocated to SEO efforts
  3. Optimize resource allocation: Focusing on the most effective SEO activities and site pages will ensure you use your marketing budget to its fullest potential.
  4. Set realistic goals: Establishing achievable goals based on past performance will help drive sustainable improvement.
  5. Prioritize investments: Understanding the ROI of SEO enables you to compare it with other marketing channels, such as paid search or social media, and make informed decisions about where to invest your marketing budget throughout the year, as well as for long-term planning.
  6. Measure long-term impact: Speaking of long-term planning, search engine optimization is a long-term strategy, and focusing on ROI allows you to track and measure its impact over time. By doing so, you can better understand how your SEO efforts contribute to the overall growth of your business.
  7. Improve communication with stakeholders: Presenting the ROI of SEO to stakeholders helps them understand the value of your efforts and supports their decision-making process. Clear communication about the financial returns from SEO can lead to increased support and investment in the long run.

What You Need To Calculate the ROI of SEO

First, a word of caution. SEO is a long-term strategy and its results will come over a period of time. Measuring the SEO ROI one month into your campaign won’t give you a good understanding of how well your SEO strategy is performing. (Instead, you risk jeopardizing it in its infancy.) Wait a few months into your campaign and allow it to work before attempting to measure the ROI.

To calculate the ROI of SEO, you’ll need to track certain metrics before and after implementing your SEO strategy. These metrics include things like website traffic, lead generation, and sales. Here’s a general process for calculating ROI for SEO:

  1. Identify your goals: Determine what you want to achieve with SEO, such as increasing overall site traffic, increasing leads, or generating revenue.
  2. Measure your baseline: Before implementing an SEO strategy, gather data on the current state of your website. You should be tracking metrics such as organic search traffic; conversions; keyword rankings; and leads, sales opportunities, and revenue attributed to organic traffic.
  3. Implement SEO strategies: Hire Victorious! Or, if you are implementing SEO on your own, it’s time to roll your sleeves up. This will include activities like keyword research, on-page optimization, link building, and creating high-quality content.
  4. Measure results: After a set period of time, gather data on the metrics you identified in step 1. Compare this data to the baseline data you gathered in step two.
  5. Calculate ROI: Once you have all the data, decide which ROI model is best for you.

How To Calculate the ROI of SEO

Below are two methods for calculating ROI. You’ll need to set a clear start and end date for your measurements for each measurement. This will help you gather the right analytics, though it will also be a bit arbitrary because some of the SEO efforts will lead to revenue beyond the cutoff date.

Also, if you’ve already established goals in your analytics platform, be sure to filter for organic traffic and then use the conversion value to determine how much that traffic was worth. If your goals don’t have an associated monetary value, you’ll need to establish this first or use the simplified ROI model.

Simplified Model

The simplified model for assessing the ROI of SEO involves comparing the revenue generated from organic search traffic with the cost of SEO activities, such as content creation, link building, and technical optimization. The formula for calculating ROI using the simplified model is:


The simplified model is easy to use and understand, making it ideal for small businesses or those new to SEO. It also provides a quick snapshot of the effectiveness of your SEO campaigns.


The simplified model does not account for factors such as time, competition, and seasonality that can impact your SEO performance. It also assumes all revenue generated from organic traffic is a result of SEO activities.

Traditional Model

The traditional model for assessing the ROI of SEO involves a more in-depth analysis of the cost and revenue generated from SEO activities. This model takes into account the time and effort required to implement SEO campaigns and the impact of SEO on other marketing channels, such as paid search and social media. The formula for calculating ROI using the traditional model is:

To determine the cost of SEO:

  • Consider the cost of hiring or outsourcing SEO services, any SEO tools or software used, and internal resources dedicated to SEO efforts (such as employee time). 

To establish the revenue generated from SEO:

  • Filter for organic traffic in your analytics platform and then use the conversion value to determine how much that traffic was worth. If your goals don’t have an associated monetary value, you’ll need to establish this first or use the simplified ROI model.


The traditional model provides a more accurate picture of the ROI of SEO by considering multiple factors that impact SEO performance. It also helps businesses identify the most effective SEO strategies and allocate resources accordingly.


The traditional model requires more time and resources to implement, making it more suitable for larger businesses with a dedicated marketing team.

Are You Tracking the Right Things?

To measure the ROI of SEO, you need to be tracking the right metrics. Set yourself up for success with our free ebook.

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How to Measure SEO

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Can I use the SEO ROI formula for other digital marketing channels?

The formulas provided above are basic ROI formulas that you can use for any marketing channel.

How do I know when to increase my SEO investment?

A positive ROI is a good sign that your SEO investment is helping you achieve your business goals. Compare it to the ROI of your other digital marketing channels. If it’s higher, consider whether your current resource allocation is working in your favor and adjust your budget as needed.

Do I need any particular SEO tools for calculating SEO ROI?

To accurately calculate SEO ROI, you’ll need to know how much of your site traffic you can attribute to your campaign. Google Analytics makes it easy to check the “source medium” for your traffic, and a Google Analytics account is free. 

How does ROI tie into customer lifetime value?

ROI is a measure of the profitability of a specific investment, while customer lifetime value (CLTV) is a measure of the total value a customer will bring to a business over the course of their relationship with the business.

However, ROI and CLTV are related in that a business’s ability to increase the lifetime value of its customers can influence its return on investment. By increasing the CLTV of its customer base, a business can generate more revenue from its investments in marketing, customer acquisition, and other areas.

For example, a business that invests in a marketing campaign to acquire new customers may have a lower ROI in the short term, as the cost of acquiring those customers may exceed the revenue generated from their initial purchases. However, if those customers have a high CLTV, the long-term ROI of the marketing campaign may be much higher.

Can SEO ROI be negative?

Yes, it’s possible for SEO ROI to be negative if the cost of the investment in SEO (such as paying for SEO services or hiring an SEO team) exceeds the revenue generated from the investment. This may occur if the SEO strategy is not effective or if there are other factors that negatively impact the website’s performance.

That being said, it’s important to look closely at external factors at play. Sometimes robust SEO strategy is required simply to stand ground in a competitive search landscape – industries with aggressive competition in search may require high-priced investments in SEO to simply stay stagnant in search.

How long does it take to see a return on investment from SEO efforts?

The time it takes to see a return on investment from SEO efforts can vary depending on a variety of factors, including the competitiveness of the industry, the quality of the SEO strategy, and the current state of the website’s SEO. In general, it can take several months to see significant results from SEO efforts, so monitor progress regularly and adjust the strategy as needed.

What are some factors that can affect SEO ROI?

Some factors that can affect SEO ROI include industry competition, the quality of the website’s content and technical SEO, the strength of the website’s backlink profile, the effectiveness of the SEO strategy, and external factors such as changes to search engine algorithms or market trends.

How do I measure the impact of non-SEO factors on my website’s performance?

To measure the impact of non-SEO factors on your website’s performance, you can use web analytics tools to track metrics such as traffic, engagement, and conversion rates. You can then compare these metrics to changes in external factors such as marketing campaigns, website redesigns, or changes in product offerings to determine their impact on your website’s performance.

How can I improve my website’s conversion rate to boost SEO ROI?

There are several ways to improve your website’s conversion rate, including optimizing your website’s design and user experience, improving the quality and relevance of your website’s content, and implementing effective calls to action. By improving your website’s conversion rate, you can increase the revenue generated from your SEO efforts and improve your ROI.

Should I focus on short-tail or long-tail keywords for better SEO ROI?

The choice between short-tail and long-tail keywords will depend on the goals of your SEO strategy and the competitiveness of your industry. In general, long-tail keywords may be less competitive and easier to rank for, but they tend to also have lower search volumes. Short-tail keywords may have higher search volumes, but they may also be more competitive and harder to rank for. It’s essential to research your industry and audience to determine which keywords will be most effective for reaching your target audience with the right content at the right time.

How can I track and analyze the ROI of my SEO efforts over time?

To track and analyze the ROI of your SEO efforts over time, you can use web analytics tools to monitor metrics such as traffic, engagement, conversion rates, and revenue. You can also compare these metrics to changes in your SEO strategy and external factors to determine the impact of your efforts on your website’s performance.

Is it worth investing in SEO for a small business?

Yes, investing in SEO can be especially valuable for small businesses as it can help increase visibility and generate more traffic and revenue. At Victorious, we find that often our small-budget campaigns can have the most meaningful impact. For example, helping pivot a business strategy during a challenging time or launch a website or new product.

How can I calculate the ROI of local SEO efforts?

To calculate the ROI of local SEO efforts, you can track metrics such as local search rankings, local traffic, local engagement, and revenue generated from local customers. 

What are some common mistakes to avoid when measuring SEO ROI?

Some common mistakes to avoid when measuring SEO ROI include failing to track the right metrics, using inaccurate or incomplete data, failing to account for external factors that may impact your website’s performance, overestimating or underestimating the impact of SEO efforts, and failing to adjust your strategy based on the data you collect. To avoid these mistakes, establish clear goals, track the right metrics, collect accurate data, and adjust your strategy as needed based on the insights you gain from your data. Be patient and persistent in your SEO efforts, as it can take time to see results and achieve a positive ROI.

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